The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Natural Compounds are synthesized in living organisms by a sequence of reactions usually catalysed by enzymes. Natural product is a chemical substance produced by living organism; a term used commonly in reference to chemical substances found in nature that have distinctive pharmacological effects. There are many examples of important natural compounds as drugs. Coumarins are the largest group of 1-benzopyran derivatives found in plants and it can be prepared with the Perkin reaction between salicylaldehyde and acetic anhydride. Within the field of organic chemistry, natural compounds are prepared by separating them from biological sources that are produced by the Metabolic pathways.
- Track 1-1Chemical Properties of Natural Compounds
- Track 1-2Structure-Activity Relationship
- Track 1-3Chemistry of Naturally Occurring Coumarins
- Track 1-4Alkylation Reactions
- Track 1-5Oxidations and Reductions
- Track 1-6Wagner-Meerwein Rearrangements
- Track 1-7Aldol and Claisen Reactions
- Track 1-8Structural Elucidation of natural crude drugs
- Track 1-9Decarboxylation reactions
- Track 1-10Metabolism of Glucose
- Track 1-11Metabolism of fatty acids
- Track 1-12Anabolic pathways of fatty acids and carbohydrates
- Track 1-13Medicinal Uses
Natural Compounds have been a rich source of lead molecules in drug discovery. NMR spectroscopy approaches to mixture analysis that demonstrates the commonalities between traditional natural products chemistry and metabolomics. Isolating bioactive compounds from mixtures can be done in two different ways. The mixture can either be separated on the source of its behaviour in a biological assay, or by separating molecules from the mixture that have interesting chemical structures. Now a day’s spectroscopic techniques are used directly to screen natural product. Mass Spectrometry in the form of methods such as ESI-ICFTMS and FACS-MS. As well as NMR methods such as SAR by NMR and STD-NMR have been utilized to effectively screen molecular libraries. In general promising advances in mass spectrometry, NMR and other technologies are making it possible to overcome the challenges encountered in screening natural products in today’s drug discovery environment.
- Track 2-1Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
- Track 2-2Spectroscopic technique
- Track 2-3Challenges in the analysis
- Track 2-4Major Breakthroughs
Natural products and their derivatives have been used as a source of therapeutic agents. Natural products used for medicinal purpose- the compounds derived from the plants, animals and marine organisms. Now days the natural products are used for many diseases for better prevention as well as therapeutic options. The research on natural products explores a variety of major structures used for the development of new drugs by the pharmaceutical industry. Charaka Samhita is the first dissertation keen to the perceptions and practice of Indian Ayurveda which contains 341 plants derived medicines whereas Sushruta Samhita was keen to surgical practices.
- Track 3-1Natural compounds used in Anticancer therapy
- Track 3-2Natural compounds used in Diabetes
- Track 3-3Natural compounds used in Cosmetology
- Track 3-4Neuroprotective agents from Natural compounds
- Track 3-5Natural compounds in daily life
- Track 3-6Natural Compounds as Anti-tuberculosis agents
- Track 3-7Natural Compounds for Infectious Diseases
A huge number of populations were affected by chronic diseases such as neurodegenerative disease, cardiovascular diseases, obesity and cancer. Current studies show that natural compounds derived small molecules may have potential in reducing risk of chronic diseases. Amongst the natural resources for new bioactive chemicals, terrestrial plants, bacteria and fungi have usually played a key role whereas many interesting new active molecules are found in marine life forms. Such molecules of natural origin that show a hopeful potential to act against the pathogens responsible for neglected tropical diseases.
- Track 4-1Diabetes
- Track 4-2Tuberculosis
- Track 4-3Cardiovascular diseases
- Track 4-4Breast cancer
- Track 4-5Neurodegenerative disease
- Track 4-6Other diseases
Despite of substantial developments of extraction and separation techniques, isolation of natural products is still a challenging task. In this following session, major tools which are used in plant authentication will be discussed. Wide ranges of methods are available for identification of biological materials (plants, marine organisms, microorganisms) which are applicable to different degrees for confirmation of unknown material. A combination of several methods might be necessary for clear validation. The various processes used for extraction are: Maceration, Infusion, Digestion, Decoction and Percolation.
- Track 5-1Extraction methods (for different plants)
- Track 5-2Chromatographic techniques and methods
- Track 5-3Isolation and Screening of Plant constituents
- Track 5-4Factors affecting the processes
- Track 5-5Separation by Distillation
- Track 5-6Crystallization
Herbal formulations are gradually required out as medicinal products, nutritional supplements and cosmetic in recent years. Herbal medicines originated firstly in the Asian countries and today they are being seen as therapeutic agents for several chronic diseases. Standardization of herbal medicines is the process of prescribing a set of standards or inherent characteristics, constant parameters, definitive qualitative and quantitative values that carry an assurance of quality, efficacy, safety and reproducibility. Herbal drugs are a finished product which is categorised depending upon the ingredients contained in them. Several quality standards as laid down in formularies, pharmacopoeias or manufacturing operation are followed through legal obligatory good manufacturing practices by regulatory authorities.
- Track 6-1Herbal drugs
- Track 6-2Quality Control and Standardization of Herbal Medicines
- Track 6-3Need for Standardization of Herbal formulations
- Track 6-4Identity of the drugIdentity of the drug
- Track 6-5Physicochemical parameters of the drug
- Track 6-6Physicochemical parameters of the drug
- Track 6-7Pharmacological parameters
- Track 6-8Microbiological contamination
- Track 6-9Radioactive contamination
- Track 6-10Evaluation methods
Most of the natural sources of drugs are obtained from minerals that are both organic and inorganic in nature. Therapeutics has promoted from numerous drug classes derived from natural plant sources. The compounds are classified into four different groups according to their biosynthetic origin such as alkaloids, phenylpropanoids, polyketides and terpenoids whereas 200,000 structures of natural products from plants are known, only selected groups and compounds are present.
- Track 7-1Alphabetical Classification
- Track 7-2Morphological Classification
- Track 7-3Taxonomic Classification
- Track 7-4Pharmacological Classification
- Track 7-5Chemical Classification
- Track 7-6Chemo taxonomical Classification
Organic Synthesis is a compound creating activity repeatedly focused on biologically active small molecules. Over a century chemists and biologists have been exploring the functions of small molecules in living systems. Methods require the genetic engineering of model systems whereas modern organic synthesis is playing progressively prominent role. Modern classifications include, but are not limited to, screening in cell lines utilizing very modern techniques (a high content screen) that are designed to show interactions within cells when treated with an "agent". In 1990s, the pharmaceutical industries used the high-throughput screening of chemicals against potential targets was highlight though in parallel, screening of natural product diminished.
- Track 8-1Single Chemical Entities
- Track 8-2High-Throughput Technologies
- Track 8-3Rise activity against the chosen target
- Track 8-4Diminish activity against unrelated targets
- Track 8-5Natural compounds in development of condition based treatments
Herbs were once the essential of medication and pharmacology, and around a section of drugs are derived from chemical individuals in medicinal plants. Herbs, vitamins, minerals, and other dietary supplements are very popular, pharmacologically active products.
- Track 9-1Mode of action of Saponins
- Track 9-2Plant lectins
- Track 9-3Plant lectins
- Track 9-4Lignans
- Track 9-5Alkaloids
- Track 9-6Tannins
- Track 9-7Benefits of natural compounds
The natural products obtained from mainly plants, animals, marine sources, microbial world, venoms and other toxins. Natural compounds are the richest source of biologically active compounds whereas today’s medicine obtained directly from natural source or developed from a chief compound initially obtained from a natural source. Moreover natural products and their derivatives have been recognized for many years as a source of therapeutic agents and structural diversity. Natural products are with an excellent chemical diversity and long term of usage with wide acceptance.
- Track 10-1Natural sources derived from plant kingdom
- Track 10-2Microbes as a source of natural products
- Track 10-3Natural products from marine sources
- Track 10-4Venoms and Toxins as Natural products
Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States. Despite the estimated 565,650 deaths in 2008 of Americans as a result of cancer, it is mostly a preventable disease. Chemoprevention is a means of cancer control by which the manifestation of the disease can be entirely prevented, slowed down, or reversed by the administration of one or more naturally occurring and/or synthetic agents. Tea is one of the most broadly consumed beverages and is rich in substances with antioxidant properties. The main natural cancer therapeutics is Tubulin binding agents (Vinca alkaloids, Taxanes) and Topoisomerase inhibitor (Camptothecins, Epipodophyllotoxins, Anthracyclines). Arsenic is a common, naturally occurring substance used in TCM practices for more than 2000 years. Apart from combating malaria and plague, this ancient remedy, containing 95% arsenic trioxide (As2O3), was once applied to cancer therapy. Some of the natural compounds that are useful in the treatment of cancer are Curcumin, Resveratrol, Lycopene, Luteolin, Genistein, and Artemisinin.
- Track 11-1Anti-cancer and Anti-inflammatory Triterpenes
- Track 11-2Perspectives for Cancer Prevention with Natural Compounds
- Track 11-3Chemo preventive compounds from natural sources
- Track 11-4Other auspicious Natural Agents
- Track 11-5Cancer fighting herbs and supplements
- Track 11-6Neoplasm Classification According to Ayurveda
- Track 11-7Essential oils and Psychoactive Compounds
- Track 11-8Tea Polyphenols
Any conventional medicine can have side effects and the side effects are labelled and reported after Clinical trials and research studies have been conducted. Unconventional treatments such as herbs have little or no actual scientific basis. Side effects of herbal medicine depend upon the herbal remedy of dosage and any pharmaceutical medication taken by the patient. The interactions occur of taking herbal medicines with pharmaceutical medications. The common side effects of interaction occur of taking herbal and pharmaceutical medications are: photosensitivity, skin irritation, sleepiness.
- Track 12-1Interactions with Anticlotting medications
- Track 12-2Interactions with Diabetic medications
- Track 12-3Cellular Interactions of Herbal products
- Track 12-4Interactions with Antihypertensive drugs
- Track 12-5Herb drug interactions
Pharmacology is a branch of science that deals with the mode of action of drug. Clinical pharmacology is basic science of pharmacology on the use pharmacological principles in medical clinic and towards patient care. Clinical pharmacology repeatedly uses the methods that have been developed by other disciplines such as biology, physiology, analytical chemistry. The consequence of a new compound has to be identified by Invitro and Invivo procedures of pharmacology. Pharmacology and toxicology are interconnected disciplines in the field of biomedical science. There are numerous types of drugs to treat diseases. Some of the drugs act in the Central Nervous System is Sedative-Hypnotic drugs, Anti-seizure drugs, General Anaesthetics, Antipsychotic agents, Antidepressants, Opioid analgesics & antagonists.
- Track 13-1Methods in Clinical pharmacology
- Track 13-2Phases of clinical trials
- Track 13-3Drugs used in the treatment of diseases
- Track 13-4Drugs act in the Central Nervous System
- Track 13-5Mechanism of action of drugs
- Track 13-6Chemistry & Pharmacokinetics of drugs
- Track 13-7Drug interactions
- Track 13-8Drug development
- Track 13-9Therapeutic uses & Dosage
Herbal pharmacology deals with the chemical constituents, mechanism of action, routes of absorption, metabolism and excretion of particular plant. Herbal pharmacology uses organic herbs and plants to stimulate physical, demonstrative, and spiritual health. Identifying the pharmaceutical mechanisms of herbal drugs poses frequent challenges not generally faced by conventional drugs .Compared to the mechanism of action of herbal drugs; conventional drug pharmacology is relatively straightforward.
- Track 14-1Mechanism of Action
- Track 14-2Chemical Constituents of Herbal Medicine
- Track 14-3Benefits of Herbal Medicine
- Track 14-4Herbs used for various biological conditions
Pharmacognosy is the study of the physical, chemical and biological properties of drug or drug substances of natural origin also the search for new drugs from natural sources. Plant preparations are said to be medicinal or herbal when they are used to promote health beyond basic nutrition. Crude drugs is known to the natural product that has not been in advanced in condition by any process or treatment beyond that which is essential for its proper packaging and prevention from deterioration. Phytochemistry is the study of phytochemicals or branch of chemistry that deals with biochemical processes related with plant life and the chemical complexes produced by plants. Medicinal plants are a rich source of bioactive phytochemicals. It is well known that plants produce chemicals to protect themselves, but recent researches demonstrate that many phytochemicals can also protect human against diseases.
- Track 15-1Crude drugs
- Track 15-2Eastern medicine
- Track 15-3Scope of Pharmacognosy
- Track 15-4Phytochemicals
- Track 15-5Trends in Phytochemical Research
- Track 15-6Importance of Phytochemistry
- Track 15-7Importance of Phytochemistry
- Track 15-8Phytochemistry of medicinal plants
- Track 15-9Biological activities of phytochemicals
Pharmacology is the study of substances that interact with living organisms through chemical processes, by binding to regulatory molecules and stimulating normal body processes. Scope is an area in which something Acts or Operates or Controls with the subject. There are three phases in drug development; drug discovery phase, preclinical phase, clinical trial phase. The scope of pharmacology is rapidly expanding and provides the rational basis for the therapeutic use of the drug. Usually some sort of biological screen is used to select among organic compounds for optimum pharmacological activity.
- Track 16-1Invitro and Invivo studies
- Track 16-2Stages of drug development
- Track 16-3Scientific understanding of drugs
- Track 16-4Recent advances and related sciences
- Track 16-5Recent advances and related sciences
- Track 16-6Drug nomenclature
- Track 16-7Pharmacovigilance
Bioprospecting is the method of discovery and commercialization of new products based on natural resources. Plants, fungi, animals, bacteria and plenty of other organisms may contain natural compounds that could be of benefit for us. More recently, bioprospecting has also included research conducted into indigenous knowledge about the use of biological resources. Finally, bioprospecting must be taken into account the rights of original communities, their knowledge and traditions in terms of the research and commercialization of their heritage.
- Track 17-1Challenges and Practices
- Track 17-2Guidelines
- Track 17-3Case studies
- Track 17-4Limitations of Bioprospecting
- Track 17-5Limitations of Bioprospecting
- Track 17-6Importance of Bioprospecting
The study of drugs, including their origin, nature, chemistry, uses and adverse effects and also includes the study of substances that bind to regulatory molecules and activate/inhibit normal body processes is known as pharmacology. Major divisions of pharmacology are pharmacokinetics (what body does to the drug) and pharmacodynamics (what drug does to the body). Pharmacokinetics deals with drug dose, routes of administration and absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion whereas pharmacodynamics deals with the mechanism of action, pharmacological effects, indication and contraindication of use and adverse effects of drugs.
- Track 18-1Systems pharmacology
- Track 18-2Toxicology
- Track 18-3Environmental pharmacology
- Track 18-4Neuropharmacology
- Track 18-5Pharmacogenomics
- Track 18-6Pharmacoepidemiology
- Track 18-7Animal pharmacology
- Track 18-8Posology
- Track 18-9Comparative pharmacology
Natural product synthesis aims to prepare a complex target molecule such that the product is analytically identical to the naturally occurring compound, termed a natural product. It is used for structure confirmation, but also as a test for new synthetic methodology and sometimes to assist in identifying how the compound is made naturally.
- Track 19-1Synthesis of Mallotojaponin C and Derivatives
- Track 19-2Synthesis of Phytocannabinoids
- Track 19-3Enzymatic synthesis
- Track 19-4Laccase catalysis
- Track 19-5Toxins in Bioactive Compounds
- Track 19-6Impact of Growth Medium Composition on Synthesis of Bioactive Compound
- Track 19-7Other Biosynthesis for Organic compounds
Therapeutics is a branch of medicine dealing with an application of therapies to diseases. A drug can be defined like any compound introduced into a living organism, in order to prevent or to cure a disease. Therapeutic is the part of the medicine which studies and applies the means suitable to therapy and to relieve the patients. The mode of action of the majority of drugs is known. The drugs whose mechanism of action is not explained are generally active only at very high doses, which show their weak affinity for a particular type of target and suppose a diffuse activity on several targets. A therapeutic effect is a significance of a treatment of any kind, the results of which are judged to be necessary and beneficial.
- Track 20-1General principles
- Track 20-2Indications and therapeutic uses
- Track 20-3Bioavailability of compounds
- Track 20-4Therapeutic Drug monitoring
- Track 20-5Aspects of Therapeutics
- Track 20-6Pharmacokinetics
- Track 20-7Mechanism of drug action/Pharmacodynamics
The worldwide herbal drug market is expected to reach nearly $86.74 billion by 2022, increasing at a CAGR of around 6.8% between 2017 and 2022. The industrialists are focussing on enlightening the quality of herbal products. Around 80% of world’s population using traditional medicines as their healthcare purpose. Pharmaceutical sector held the highest compound annual growth rate from 2016 to 2022.
- Track 21-1Marketing Strategies
- Track 21-2Recent developments in herbal industry
- Track 21-3Case Reports
- Track 21-4Growth of pharmacology market
- Track 21-5Competitive Landscape
Ethnobotany is the study of science that deals with the region’s plant life and their practical uses through the traditional knowledge of a local culture and people. The course represents the history of traditional plant use in relation to culture development. The aim of ethnobotany is to study how and in what ways people use nature and how and in what ways people view nature. The process of drug discovery using ethnopharmacology is at various stages like information source, scientific investigation, extraction, test for activity and chemical examination. Chemical examination should linked with tests for biological activity.
- Track 22-1Significance of Ethnobotany
- Track 22-2Plants of Economic Importance
- Track 22-3Toxins and Drugs
- Track 22-4Ethnopharmacology
- Track 22-5Threats to Ethnobotanical knowledge
- Track 22-6Conceptualization of plants in studies
- Track 22-7Phytochemical, pharmacological, microbiological screening of medicinal plants
- Track 22-8Plant breeding, Genetics & Biotechnology